1. All quotations from and references to works by Chaucer in this paper are from The
Riverside Chaucer, ed. Larry D. Benson (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1987).
2. See Lawrence Besserman's discussion of the various meanings of the word "gloss" in Chaucer's
Middle English in "Glosynge is a Glorious Thyng: Chaucer's Biblical Exegesis" in Chaucer
and Scriptural Tradition, ed. David Lyle Jeffrey (Univ. of Ottawa Press, 1984), 67.
3. See the note on these lines in The Riverside Chaucer, 969.
4. Chaucer also rhymes "glose" and "rose" in the passage from the Legend of Good Women
5. Les Idges et les Lettres au XIIIE Siècle: Le Roman de la Rose
(Montreal: Edition le Centre de Psychologie et de Pedagogie, 1947), 15.
6. All references to and quotations from Jean's portion of the Roman are from Le
Roman de la Rose, ed. Daniel Poirion (Paris: Garnier-Plammarion, 1974).
7. The Roman de la Rose: A Study in Allegory and Iconography (Princeton University
Press, 1969), 6.
8. See H. A. Kelly's discussion in "Chaucer and Shakespeare on Tragedy," Leeds Studies in
English 20 (1989), 11.
9. Graham D. Caie, "The Significance of the Early Chaucer Manuscript Glosses (With Special
Reference to the Wife of Bath s Prologue,") The Chaucer Review 10 (1976), 350.
10. Ibid. 357-58.
11. Kelly, 3.
12. A Preface to Chaucer (Princeton University Press, 1962), 472-77.
13. The Allegory of Love: A Study in Medieval Tradition (New York: Oxford University
Press, 1958, reprint of 1938 ed.), 22-23.
14. The Study of the Bible in the Late Middle Ages (University of Notre Dame Press,
15. Chaucer's Sexual Poetics (The University of Wisconsin Press, 1989), 122.
16. Besserman, 68.
17. See Jesse M. Gellrich's discussion of scholastic attitudes towar textual authority in relation to
Chaucer's poetry in The Idea of the Book in the Middle Ages (Cornell University Press,
18. Medieval Theory of Authorship (London: Scolar Press, 1984), 190-204.
19. Chaucer and the Shape of Creation (Harvard University Press, 1967), 8.
20. The Dialogic Imagination, trans. Caryl Emmerson and Michael I4olquist (University
of Texas Press, 1981), 276.